Michael J. Pfeifer, “Lynching and Criminal Justice in Regional Context: Iowa, Wyoming, and Louisiana, 1878–1946” (Ph.D. Diss., University of Iowa, 1998).

Michael J. Pfeifer, “Lynching and Criminal Justice in Regional Context: Iowa, Wyoming, and Louisiana, 1878–1946” (Ph.D. Diss., University of Iowa, 1998). For writings by which the antilynching motion documented and systematically analyzed US mob physical physical violence, see Ida B. Wells, Southern Horrors and Other Writings:… … The Anti-lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892–1900, […]